Smriti, D., Ambulkar, S., Meng, Q., Kaimal, G., Ramotar, K., Park, S., Huh-Yoo, J. (in press). Creative Arts Therapies for the Mental Health of Emerging Adults: A Systematic Review. The Arts in Psychotherapy. 

Malhotra, B., &, Kaimal, G. (2021, in press). Art Therapy in Pediatric Burn Care: A conceptual framework for clinical practice. Burns. 

Ray, K., Kaimal, G., Dassa, A., Slaughter-Acey, J., & Mittelman, M. (2021). Evaluating the use of music-assisted caregiving interventions by certified nursing assistants caring for nursing home residents with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders and depressive symptoms: A mixed methods study. Music and Medicine, 13, 3: 184-200.

Kaimal, G., Carroll-Haskins, K., Topoglu, Y., Ramakrishnan, A., Arslanbek, A., & Ayaz, H. (2021). Exploratory fNIRS assessment of differences in activation in virtual reality visual self-expression including with a fragrance stimulus. Art Therapy. Doi: 10.1080/07421656.2019.1659662

DeWitte, M., Orkibi, H., Zarate, R., Karkou, V., Sajnani, N., Malhotra, B., Ho, R., Kaimal. G., Baker, F., Koch, S. (2021). From therapeutic factors to mechanisms of change in creative arts therapies: A scoping review. Frontiers in psychology.

Malhotra, B., Dieterich-Hartwell, R.M., DeBeer, B., Burns, C. & Kaimal, G. (2021). Collage-based Graphic Elicitation Method for Capturing the Lived Experiences of Veterans with Gulf War Illness. Life Sciences.

Dychtwald, D.K., Ligby, L.J., Kaimal, G., & Milliron, B.J. (2021). “When a father feels excluded”: A qualitative study exploring the role of father in women, infants and children (WIC) supplemental nutrition program. International journal of qualitative studies in health and well-being, 16, 1. Doi: 10.1080/17482631.2021.1932026

Snyder, K., Malhotra, B., & Kaimal, G. (2021). Team value and visual voice: Healthcare providers perspectives on the contributions and impact of art therapy in pediatric hematology/ oncology clinics. The arts in psychotherapy. Doi: 10.1016/j.aip.2021.101808

Schwind, D., &, Davidson, L., Kaimal, G., Orlin, M(2021). Evaluating a Novel Approach to Community Based Instruction (CBI) in Elementary School for Students with Autism. Journal of Occupational therapy, schools and early intervention. Doi: 10.1080/19411243.2021.1910609

Dieterich-Hartwell, R.M., Goodill, S., Koch, S., Villanueva, A., Kaimal, G., & Haen, C. (2020). Developing Movement Experiences with Refugees to the United States who have Undergone Trauma. International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care.

Kaimal, G., Carroll-Haskins, K., Ramakrishnan, A., Magsamen, S., Arslanbek, A., & Herres, J. (2020). Outcomes of visual self-expression in virtual reality on psychosocial well-being with the inclusion of a fragrance stimulus: A pilot mixed methods study. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.589461

Kaimal, G., &, Dieterich-Hartwell, R.M., (2020). Grappling with Gulf War Illness: Perspectives of Healthcare Providers. International Journal of Environmental Research an Public Health, 17, 8574-8585. Doi: 10.3390/ijerph17228574.

Kaimal, G. Jones, J.P., Dieterich-Hartwell, R.M., & Wang, X. (2020). Long-term art therapy interventions for military service members with traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress: Findings from a mixed methods program evaluation study. Journal of Military Psychology. Doi: 10.1080/08995605.2020.1842639

Kaimal, G. & Arslanbek, A. (2020). Indigenous and traditional visual artistic practices: Implications for art therapy clinical practice and research. Frontiers in Psychology, 11:1320. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01320

Gerber, N., Kapitan, L., Forinash, M., Gussak, D., LaCivita, J., & Kaimal ,G. (2020). Doctoral Education in Art Therapy: Current Trends and Future Directions. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, doi:10.1080/07421656.2020.1761735

Kaimal, G., Carroll-Haskins, K., Janell L. Mensinger, Rebekka M. Hartwell, Jacelyn Biondo, &, Levin, W.P.  (2020). Changes in Measures of Stress, Affect, Anxiety, Self-efficacy, and Salivary Biomarkers as a Result of Therapeutic Artmaking in Patients Undergoing Radiation Oncology Treatment: A Mixed Methods Pilot Study. Integrative Cancer Therapies. 10.1177/1534735420912835

Kaimal, G., Walker, M.S., Berberian, M.G.., Herres, J.M. & DeGraba, T.M.(2020) Examining Associations Between Montage Painting Imagery and Symptoms of Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Among Active-Duty Military Service Members. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. 10.1037/aca0000316

Kaimal, G., Mensinger, J.L., & Carroll-Haskins, K., (2020). Outcomes of collage art-based and narrative self-expression among home hospice caregivers. International Journal of Art Therapy. Doi: 10.1080/17454832.2020.1752756

Shafir, T., Orkibi, H., Baker, F.A., Gussak, D., & Kaimal, G. (2020). Editorial: The state of the art in creative arts therapies. Frontiers in Psychology, 11 (68). Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00068

 Kalmanowitz, D., Kaimal, G., Cagnoletta, M., Kelly, J., Alfonso, M., & Lay, R. (2019). CONFERENCE REVIEW: British Association of Art Therapists (BAAT) and American Art Therapy Association (AATA) Art Therapy Practice and Research Conference, London, UK, 2019. Creative Arts in Education and Therapy (CAET), Pages 117 – 128. Retrieved from

Kaimal, G., Councill, T., Ramsey, K. Cottone, C.A., & Snyder, K. (2019). A conceptual framework for research in art therapy research in pediatric hematology and oncology settings. Canadian Art Therapy Association Journal. Doi: 10.1080/08322473.2019.1672453

Kaimal, G., Carroll-Haskins, K., Berberian, M.G., Dougherty, A., Carlton, N.R., &, Ramakrishnan, A. (2019). Virtual reality and art therapy: A pilot qualitative study of the novel medium. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association. Doi: 10.1080/07421656.2019.1659662

Kaimal, G., Carroll-Haskins, K., Dieterich-Hartwell, R.M., Manders, E.,  Mensinger, J.L., & Levin, W.P. (2019). Outcomes of art therapy for caregivers of patients undergoing radiation oncology treatment. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 42: 153-161. Doi: 10.1016/j.ejon.2019.08.006

King, J.L., Kaimal, G., Konopka, L., Belkofer, C., & Strang, C. (2019). Practical examples of neuroscience-informed art therapy. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association. 

Kaimal, G. (2019). Adaptive Response Theory (ART): A clinical research framework for art therapy. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association. Doi: 10.1080/07421656.2019.1667670

King, J., & Kaimal. G (2019). Approaches to research in art therapy research using imaging technologies. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 13:159. Doi: 10.3389/fn-hum.20-19.00159. 

Jones, J.P., Drass, J.M., & Kaimal, G. (2019). Art therapy for military service members with post-traumatic stress and traumatic brain injury: Three case summaries highlighting trajectories of treatment and recovery. The Arts in Psychotherapy. Doi:10.1016/j.aip.2019.04.004.

Dunphy, K.F., Baker, F.A., Dumaresq, E., Carroll-Haskins, K., Eickholt, J., Ercole, M., Kaimal, G.,  Meyer, K., Sajnani, N., Shamir, O.Y. &, Wosch, T. (2018). Creative arts interventions to address depression in older adults: a systematic review of outcomes, processes and mechanisms. Frontiers in Psychology. 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02655

Landless, B.M., Walker, M.S., & Kaimal,G. (2018). Using Human and Computer-Based Text Analysis of Clinical Notes to Understand Military Service Members’ Experiences with Therapeutic Writing. The Arts in Psychotherapy. Doi: 10.1016/j.aip.2018.10.002

Kaimal,G., Jones, J.P., Dieterich-Hartwell, R., Acharya, B., Wang, Xi. (2018). Evaluation of art therapy programs for Active Duty Military service with TBI and post-traumatic stress. The Arts in Psychotherapy.10.1016/j.aip.2018.10.003

Kaimal,G., Walker, M.S., Herres, J., French, L.M, & Degraba, T.J. (2018). Observational study of associations between visual imagery and measures of depression, anxiety and stress among active duty military service members’ with post-traumatic stress and traumatic brain injury. BMJ Open. Doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021448

Berberian, M.G., Walker, M.S., Kaimal,G.(2018). Master my demons: Montage paintings by active duty military service members’ with PTSD and TBI. Medical Humanities.Doi: 10.1136/medhum-2018-011493.

Jones, J.P., Walker, M.S., Drass, J.M., & Kaimal, G.(2017). Art Therapy Interventions for Active Duty Military Service Members with PTS AND TBI. The international journal of art therapy. Doi: 10.1080/17454832.2017.1388263.

Kaimal, G., Mensinger, J.L., Drass, J.M., &, Dieterich-Hartwell, R. (2017). Open studio art therapy versus Coloring: Differences in outcomes of affect, stress, creative agency and self–efficacy. Canadian Art Therapy Association Journal. 30 (2): 56-68. DOI: 10.1080/08322473.2017.1375827

Kaimal, G, Metzl, E., &, Millrod, E.T. (2017). Facilitative Leadership: A framework for the creative arts therapies. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association. Doi: 10.1080/07421656.2017.1343072

Kaimal, G. (2020). Researching outcomes of art therapy for caregivers at end-of-life.  In M.J.M. Wood and R. Jacobson (Eds.), Routledge handbook of Art therapy in hospice and bereavement care. New York, NY: Routledge

 Kaimal,G. (2017). The road ahead: Preparing for the future of art therapy research. In R. Carolan and A. Backos, (Eds.) Emerging perspectives in art therapy: Trends, Movements and Developments (pp. 58-74),New York, NY: Routledge

Kaimal, G., Ayaz, H. Herres, J.M., Makwana, B., Dieterich-Hartwell, R.M., Kaiser, D.H., & Nasser, J.A. (2017). fNIRS assessment of reward perception based on visual self expression: Coloring, doodling and free drawing. The Arts in Psychotherapy. 55, 85-92. Doi: 10.1016/j.aip.2017.05.004

Walker, M., Kaimal, G. Koffman, R., & DeGraba, T. J. (2016). Art therapy for PTSD and TBI: A senior active duty military service member’s therapeutic journey. The Arts in Psychotherapy 49(2): 10-16. Doi: 10.1016/j.aip.2016.05.015

 Kaimal, G., Gonzaga, A.M.L., & Schwachter, V. (2016). Crafting, health and well-being: National trends and implications for art therapists. Arts and Health. Doi: 10.1080/17533015.2016.1185447

Kaimal, G., & Jordan, W. (2016). Do incentive-based programs improve teacher quality and student achievement? An analysis of implementation in 12 charter schools. Teachers College Record, 118 (9).

Kaimal, G., Drescher, J., Fairbank, H., Gonzaga, A, Junkin, J. &, White, G.P. (2016). Learning about leadership from a visit to the art museum, 17(6). Retrieved from

 Kaimal, G., Ray, K., & Muniz, J.M. (2016) Outcomes of visual self-expression: Changes in cortisol and narratives of self-perceived impact. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association.

Kaimal, G., Miller, G., Rattigan, M.D., & Haddy, J. (2016). Implications of national trends in digital media use for art therapy practice. Journal of clinical art therapy.

Kaimal, G. (2014). Motherhood mechanized. In R. Badruddoja (Ed.), X does not mark my spot: Voices from the South Asian Diaspora. New Delhi: Zubaan.

Kaimal, G. (2014). What is your name? In R. Badruddoja (Ed.), X does not mark my spot: Voices from the South Asian Diaspora. New Delhi: Zubaan.

Kaimal, G. & Beardsleee, W.R. (2015). The Perceived Impact of Parental Depression on the Narrative Construction of Personal Identity: Reflections from Emerging Adults. Narrative works, 5, 1.

Kaimal, G., Drescher, J., Fairbank, H., Gonzaga, A & White, G.P. (2014). Inspiring creativity in school leaders: Leadership lessons from the creative arts. International Journal of Education and the Arts, 15 (4). Retrieved from

Kaimal, G. (2014). Being an A-R-T-I-S-T: Challenges and Opportunities of Connecting Art, Research, Transformation, Imagery &StoryTelling. Retrieved from

Kaimal, G. (2013, December 27). The Pragmatist’s guide to Long Distance Evaluations. Retrieved from

Kaimal, G. (2013). Arts stories. Art therapy blog index. Retrieved from

Kaimal, G., Barber, M., Schulman, M., & Reed, P. (2012). Preparation of urban high school principals in Philadelphia through multi-organizational partnerships. Journal of School Leadership, 22, 5: 902-921.

Huang, T., Kaimal, G., Beachum, F., White G., &, Fitzgerald, A (2012). Preparing urban school Leaders: What works. Planning and Changing Journal, 43, 1: 72-95

Brooks, W., Kaimal, G., Savage, L., & Gonzaga, A. (2012). Inspiring academically talented high school students to consider teaching in urban schools. Urban Review, 44, 4: 423-440.

Kaimal, G. & Beardslee, W.R. (2010). Emerging Adulthood and the perceptions of parental depression. Qualitative Health Research, 20, 9, 1213-1229.

Kaimal, G. (2008). Alana’s advice: Where there is a clique you got to think quick. [Review of the book by A.S. Bender]. Educational Review. Retrieved from 

Kaimal, G., Steinberg, A.G., Ennis, S., Moyer-Harasink, S, Ewing, R., Li, Y. (2007). Parental narratives about genetic testing for hearing loss: a one-year follow up study.Journal of Genetic Counseling, 16, 6, 775-787.

Steinberg, A., Kaimal, G., Bain, L., Krantz, I. & Li, Y. (2007). Parental  narratives on genetic testing for children with hearing loss: a qualitative inquiry. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 143A, 14, 1533-1545.

Steinberg, A., Kaimal, G. Ewing, R., Soslow, L., Lewis, K., Krantz, I. & Li, Y. (2007).Parental narratives on genetic testing for hearing loss: Implications for audiologists working with children with hearing loss and their families. The American Journal of Audiology,16, 1-11.

Li, Y., Steinberg, A., Bain, L., Yaeger, D., Bieler, A., Ewing, R., Kaimal, G., & Krantz, I.

(2007). Assessing parental attitudes towards genetic testing for hearing loss: before and after genetic consultation. American Journal of Medical Genetics,143A, 14, 1546-1553.

Kaimal, G., & Gerber, N. (2007). Impressions over time: Community progressive murals in an outpatient HIV/AIDS clinic. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 34, 2, 151-162.

Kaimal, G. & Nayar, N. (2003). The myth of wild oats. In Azmina Ladha (Ed.), Re-righting reality: Young women on their search for self. Center for Research on violence against women and children (pp 57-63). Vancouver, Canada: Simon Fraser University Press.

Kaimal, G. (Spring 2003). Docile wives and duty-bound husbands: myth and gender roles in the Ramayana. South Asian Journal, 1,1, 10-16.

Kaimal, G (2003). Gen X meets Gen-Y: Youth perceptions and concerns about the future. Foresight and Governance Project, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Available at

Kaimal, G. (2002). Sound bytes from the field: Community Problem Solving and the

Internet. Project on community building headed by Dr. X.D. Briggs, John F. Kennedy

School of  Government, Harvard University and the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Retrieved from conf/pdf/girija_kaimal.pdf.